Landscape & Ecological Management Plans

What is a Landscape and Ecological Management Plan (LEMP)?

A Landscape and Ecological Management Plan (LEMP) is a site-specific document which details your immediate and long-term commitments to manage the planting, protection and enhancement of biodiversity in and around a new development site. These measures will be in accordance with wildlife legislation, National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) and other local plans and planning policies.

They include design plans, programmes, specifications, monitoring requirements, responsibilities and costs.

When do I need a LEMP?

For most developments, a LEMP is a requirement of a planning condition or a Section 106 agreement .

Following planning consent, and before construction works, the LEMP will be conditional until it has been agreed by the local planning authority and other stakeholders that may include Natural England, the Environment Agency and local Wildlife Trusts, depending on the sensitivity of the landscape and wildlife protection.

These plans are required particularly for developments such as strategic housing, major transport infrastructure such as rail and highways, renewables such as solar farms, complex developments requiring European Protected Species licensing, and for BREEAM, HMQ and CEEQUAL accredited commercial or public developments.

Who owns and delivers the LEMP?

The LEMP document is owned by the developer and can be used to inform the organisation or department that will manage the new landscape and ecological assets. The LEMP can also be transferred to an adopting authority, community interest company or independent management company.

The LEMP can be a  useful asset when selling or acquiring a site, as it will document all of the future landscape and ecological planning commitments and be used to inform associated costs.

When can a LEMP be put together?

Plans can be prepared and written at any time of the year, although they are underpinned by ecological surveys which might be seasonally restricted.

A good plan acceptable to the local planning authority will need to be comprehensive, provide meaningful objectives, and be based on accurate information about habitats and wildlife in and around the site.

Given the complexity and potential long-term impact of a LEMP, it’s a good idea to work with an ecological specialist to ensure every aspect of the plan is covered. At Engain, we also have a team of experts who can carry out any surveys and who are experienced in liaising with the many different bodies who may need to be consulted.

To discuss whether you need a LEMP and what needs to be considered, get in touch with us on 01225 459564 or email

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To discuss your project requirements, please contact our experienced team